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If we support the Ten Commandments, should we not
include the Sabbath?
Beliefs of The Seventh-day Sabbath Movement
(We are not
associated with the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists in Maryland,
but operate separately, promoting a pure doctrine from faithful Sabbath believers in the 1800's.)
DECLARATION OF THE 25 FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
to the public this synopsis of our faith, we wish to have it distinctly
understood that we have no articles of faith, creed, or discipline, aside
from the Bible. We do not put forth this as having any authority with our
people, nor is it designed to secure uniformity among them, as a system of
faith, but is a brief statement of what is, and has been, with great
unanimity, held by them. We often find it necessary to meet inquiries on
this subject, and sometimes to correct false statements circulated against
us, and to remove erroneous impressions which have obtained with those who
have not had an opportunity to become acquainted with our faith and
practice. Our only object is to meet this necessity.
We desire simply that our position shall be understood;
and we are the more solicitous for this because there are many who call
themselves Sabbath keepers who hold views with which, we think, are subversive
of the plainest and most important principles set forth in the word of
As compared with many churches, we differ in believing
in the perpetuity of the law of God as summarily contained in the ten
commandments, in the operation of the Holy Spirit in the church, and in
setting no times for the advent to occur; in the observance of the seventh
day of the week as the Sabbath of the Lord, and in many applications of
the prophetic scriptures.
With these remarks, we ask the attention of the reader
to the following propositions, which aim to be a concise statement of the
more prominent features of our faith.
19. THE GRAVE IS A PLACE OF DARKNESS That the grave, where we all tend,
expressed by the Hebrew sheol, and the Greek hades, is a
place, or condition, in which there is no work, device, wisdom, or
knowledge. Eccl. 9:10.
20. THE DEAD ARE ASLEEP That
the state to which we are reduced by death is one of silence,
inactivity, and entire unconsciousness. Ps. 146:4; Eccl. 9:5,6; Dan.
21. SAINTS RESURRECTED AT CHRIST’S RETURN That out of this prison-house of the
grave, mankind are to be brought by a bodily resurrection; the righteous
having part in the first resurrection, which takes place at the second
advent of Christ, the wicked, in the second resurrection, which takes
place a thousand years thereafter. Rev. 20:4-6.
22. RIGHTEOUS MEET THE LORD IN THE AIR That at the last trump, the living
righteous are to be changed in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, and
with the risen righteous are to be caught up to meet the Lord in the
air, so forever to be with the Lord. I Thes. 4:15,17; I Cor. 15:51,52
23. 1000 YEARS, SAINTS JUDGE THE SLEEPING WICKED That these immortalized ones are then
taken to Heaven, to the New Jerusalem, the Father's house in which there
are many mansions, John 14:1-3, where they reign with Christ a thousand
years, judging the world and fallen angels, that is, apportioning the
punishment to be executed upon them at the close of the one thousand
years (Rev. 20:4; 1 Cor. 6:2,3); that during this time the earth lies in
a desolate and chaotic condition (Jer. 4:20-27), described, as in the
beginning by the Greek term abussos, "bottomless pit"
(Septuagint of Gen. 1:2); and that here Satan is confined during the
thousand years (Rev. 20:1,2), and here finally destroyed (Rev. 20:10;
Mal. 4:1); the theater of the ruin he has wrought in the universe being
appropriately made, for a time, his gloomy prison-house, and then the
place of his final execution.
24. WICKED RESURRECTED AFTER 1000 YEARS AND DESTROYED That at the end of the thousand
years, the Lord descends with his people and the New Jerusalem, Rev.
21:2, the wicked dead are raised, and come up upon the surface of the
yet unrenewed earth, and gather about the city, the camp of the saints,
Rev. 20:9, and fire comes down from God out of heaven and devours them.
They are then consumed root and branch, Mal. 4:1, becoming as though
they had not been, Obad. 15,16. In this everlasting destruction from the
presence of the Lord, 2 Thess. 1:9, the wicked meet the
"everlasting punishment" threatened against them, Matt. 25:46,
which is everlasting death (Rom. 6:23, Rev. 20:14,15). This is the
perdition of ungodly men, the fire which consumes them being the fire
for which "the heavens and the earth which are now…are kept in
store," which shall melt even the elements with its intensity, and
purge the earth from the deepest stains of the curse of sin. 2 Pet.
25. NEW HEAVENS AND EARTH CREATED That a new heavens and earth shall
spring by the power of God from the ashes of the old, and this renewed
earth, with the New Jerusalem for its metropolis and capital, shall be
the eternal inheritance of the saints, the place where the righteous
shall evermore dwell. 2 Pet. 3:13; Ps. 37:11, 29; Matt. 5:5.
- 1. THE FATHER, CREATOR That
there is one God, a personal, spiritual being, the creator of all
things, omnipotent, omniscient, and eternal, infinite in wisdom,
holiness, justice, goodness, truth, and mercy; unchangeable, and
everywhere present by His representative, the Holy Spirit. Ps. 139:7
- 2. THE SON, OUR HIGH PRIEST That
there is one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Eternal Father, the one
by whom God created all things, and by whom they do consist; that he
took on him the nature of the seed of Abraham for the redemption of our
fallen race; that he dwelt among men full of grace and truth, lived our
example, died our sacrifice, was raised for our justification, ascended
on high to be our only mediator in the sanctuary in Heaven, where, with
his own blood he makes atonement for our sins; which atonement so far
from being made on the cross, which was but the offering of the
sacrifice, is the very last portion of his work as priest according to
the example of the Levitical priesthood, which foreshadowed and
prefigured the ministry of our Lord in Heaven. See Lev. 16; Heb. 8:4, 5;
- 3. THE HOLY SCRIPTURES That
the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, were given by
inspiration of God, contain a full revelation of His will to man and are
the only infallible rule of faith and practice.
- 4. BAPTISM BY IMMERSION That
Baptism is an ordinance of the Christian church, to follow faith and
repentance, an ordinance by which we commemorate the resurrection of
Christ, as by this act we show our faith in His burial and resurrection,
and through that, of the resurrection of all the saints at the last day;
and that no other mode fitly represents these facts than that which the
Scriptures prescribe, namely, immersion. Rom. 6:1-6; Col. 2:12,13, Acts
16:30-33, 22:16; 2:38; Matt. 28:19,20.
- 5. THE NEW BIRTH, A MORAL CHANGE That the new birth comprises the
entire change necessary to fit us for the kingdom of God, and consists
of two parts: first, a moral change, wrought by conversion and a
Christian life, John 3:3,5; second, a physical change at the second
coming of Christ, whereby, if dead, we are raised incorruptible, and if
living, are changed to immortality in a moment, in the twinkling of an
eye. I Cor. 15:51,52; Luke 20:36.
- 6. BIBLE PROPHECY IS A REVELATION TO MAN We believe that prophecy is a part of
God's revelation to man; that it is included in that scripture which is
profitable for instruction (2 Tim. 3:16); that it is designed for us and
our children (Deut. 29:29); that so far from being enshrouded in
impenetrable mystery, it is that which especially constitutes the word
of God a lamp to our feet and a light to our path (Ps. 119:105, 2 Pet.
1:19); that a blessing is pronounced upon those who study it (Rev.
1:1-3); and that, consequently, it is to be understood by the people of
God sufficiently to show them their position in the world's history and
the special duties required at their hands.
- 7. WORLD'S HISTORY IN GREAT CHAINS OF PROPHECY That the world's history from
specified dates in the past, the rise and fall of empires, and
chronological succession of events down to the setting up of God's
everlasting kingdom, are outlined in numerous great chains of prophecy;
and that these prophecies are now all fulfilled except the closing
- 8. MILLENNIUM FOLLOWS CHRIST'S RETURN That the doctrine of the world's
conversion and temporal millennium is a fable of these last days,
calculated to lull men into a state of carnal security, and cause them
to be overtaken by the great day of the Lord as by a thief in the night
I Thes. 5:3; that the second coming of Christ is to precede, not follow,
the millennium; for until the Lord appears the papal power, with all its
abominations, is to continue II Thes. 2:8, the wheat and tares grow
together Matt. 13:29,30,39, and evil men and seducers wax worse and
worse, as the word of God declares, II Tim. 3:1,13.
- 9. 2300 DAYS (YEARS) ENDED IN 1844 That the mistake of Adventists in
1844 pertained to the nature of the event then to transpire, not to the
time; that no prophetic period is given to reach to the second advent,
but that the longest one, the two thousand and three hundred days of
Dan. 8:14, terminated in that year, and brought us to an event called
the cleansing of the sanctuary in heaven.
- 10. JESUS IS OUR HIGH PRIEST IN THE HEAVENLY SANCTUARY That the sanctuary of the new
covenant is the tabernacle of God in Heaven, of which Paul speaks in
Hebrews 8, and onward, of which our Lord, as great High Priest, is
minister; that this sanctuary is the antitype of the Mosaic tabernacle,
and that the priestly work of our Lord, connected therewith, is the
antitype of the work of the Jewish priests of the former dispensation.
Heb. 8:1-5, etc.; that this is the sanctuary to be cleansed at the end
of the 2300 days, what is termed its cleansing being in this case, as in
the type, simply the entrance of the high priest into the most holy
place, to finish the round of service connected therewith, by blotting
out and removing from the sanctuary the sins which had been transferred
to it by means of the ministration in the first apartment, Heb. 9:22,23;
and that this work in the antitype, beginning in 1844, occupies a brief
but indefinite space of time, at the conclusion of which the work of
mercy for the world is finished, and the second advent of Christ will
- 11. TEN C0MMANDMENTS ARE APPLICABLE TODAY That God's moral requirements are the
same upon all men in all dispensations; that these are summarily
contained in the commandments spoken by Jehovah from Sinai, engraved on
the tables of stone, and deposited in the ark, which was in consequence
called the "ark of the covenant," or testament. Num. 10:33,
Heb. 9:4, etc.; that this law is immutable and perpetual, being a
transcript of the tables deposited in the ark in the true sanctuary on
high, which is also, for the same reason, called the ark of God's
testament; for under the sounding of the seventh trumpet we are told
that "the temple of God was opened in Heaven, and there was seen in
his temple the ark of his testament." Rev. 11:19.
- 12. THE SEVENTH DAY IS THE SABBATH That the fourth commandment of this
law requires that we devote the seventh day of each week, commonly
called Saturday, to abstinence from our own labor, and to the
performance of sacred and religious duties; that this is the only weekly
Sabbath known to the Bible, being the day that was set apart before
Paradise was lost, Gen. 2:2,3, and which will be observed in Paradise
restored, Isa. 66:22,23; that the facts upon which the Sabbath
institution is based confine it to the seventh day, as they are not true
of any other day; and that the terms, Jewish Sabbath and Christian
Sabbath, as applied to the weekly rest-day, are names of human
invention, unscriptural in fact, and false in meaning.
- 13. PAPACY ATTEMPTED TO CHANGE THE LAW OF GOD That as the man of sin, the papacy,
has thought to change times and laws (the laws of God, Dan. 7:25), and
has misled almost all Christendom in regard to the fourth commandment,
we find a prophecy of a reform in this respect to be wrought among
believers just before the coming of Christ. Isa. 56:1,2, 1 Pet. 1:5,
Rev. 14; 12, etc.
- 14. CONVERSION, THE WORK OF THE HOLY SPIRIT That as the natural or carnal heart
is at enmity with God and His law, this enmity can be subdued only by a
radical transformation of the affections, the exchange of unholy for
Holy principles; that this transformation follows repentance and faith,
is the special work of the Holy Spirit, and constitutes regeneration or
- 15. GRACE ENABLES US TO KEEP THE LAW OF GOD That as all have violated the law of
God, and cannot of themselves render obedience to His just requirements,
we are dependent on Christ, first, for justification from our past
offenses, and, secondly, for grace whereby to render acceptable
obedience to His holy law in time to come.
- 16. SPIRITUAL GIFTS FROM GOD That
the Spirit of God was promised to manifest itself in the church through
certain gifts, enumerated especially in 1 Cor. 12 and Eph. 4; that these
gifts are not designed to supercede, or take the place of, the Bible,
which is sufficient to make us wise unto salvation, any more than the
Bible can take the place of the Holy Spirit; that in specifying the
various channels of its operation, that Spirit has simply made provision
for its own existence and presence with the people of God to the end of
time, to lead to an understanding of that word which it had inspired, to
convince of sin, and work a transformation in the heart and life, and
that those who deny to the Spirit its place and operation, do plainly
deny that part of the Bible which assigns to it this work and position.
- 17. THREE ANGELS MESSAGES CALL FOR OBEDIENCE TO GOD That God, in accordance with his
uniform dealings with the race, sends forth a proclamation of the
approach of the second advent of Christ; that this work is symbolized by
the three messages of Rev. 14, the last one bringing to view the work of
reform on the law God, that his people may acquire a complete readiness
for that event.
- 18. INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT STARTED IN 1844 That the time of the cleansing of the
sanctuary (see proposition 10), synchronizing with the time of the
proclamation of the third message, Rev. 14:9,10, is a time of
investigative judgment, first, with reference to the dead, and second,
at the close of probation, with reference to the living, to determine
who of the myriads now sleeping in the dust of the earth are worthy of a
part in the first resurrection, and who of its living multitudes are
worthy of translation, which must be
determined before the Lord appears.